Mosquitoes are tiny little insect but can cause lots of problem to humans and animals. They spread many harmful diseases such as malaria and dengue. They are very annoying creature that gives many itchy and sleepy nights. According to the latest health report by World Health Organization, mosquito borne diseases are one of the major cause of illness and death in many countries where there are significant population of mosquitoes. In Africa, every year thousands of children died due to Malaria and other mosquito borne diseases.
Mosquitoes comes from the family Culicidae, they belong to the similar group as flies. Mosquitoes differ from the other biting Diptera in having a long slender body, long legs and long needle-shaped mouth parts In appearance also mosquitoes are very similar to most house flies. As such, they have a single pair of wings. They typically have long, thin legs and a head featuring a prominent proboscis. Mosquitoes goes through 4 stages in their life cycle and they include egg, larva, pupa and adult. Mosquito bodies and wings most often are covered in tiny scales. Adult sizes may range from 3 to 9 mm. Mosquito eggs are white in color when first deposited but darken within 12 to 24 hours.
There are numerous types of mosquitoes around the world. It it said there are about 3000 different species of mosquitoes, of which more than 100 are vectors of human diseases. Mosquito breeding in springs is restricted to the quiet edges where vegetation affords cover for the larvae and there is little, if any, water movement. In most cases, a female mosquito lays between thirty to three hundred eggs at a time. Many species of mosquitoes lay their eggs directly on the surface of water, either singly or stuck together in floating rafts. Worm like larvae, called wigglers because of their wiggling swimming motion, hatch. Larvae don’t have legs, they have a well developed head and body covered with hairs, and swim with sweeping movements of the body.They feed until ready to molt into pupae.
Controlling Mosquito Population
As mosquitoes spread many harmful disease and are cause of many deaths around the world, controlling mosquito population is very essential. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) advise that preventing the bite is the best protection and continually urge people to avoid the outdoors during periods of peak mosquito activity. Mosquito develop sites are normally identified as a natural or man-made site that will collect water. Make sure that your garden or yards are clear of any containers that can hold water over the winter. If you have an old buckets or bird baths that have lain over from fall to spring, you can be pretty sure that they will contain mosquito eggs or even hatched nymphs waiting for spring.
Using Mosquito Repellent
Mosquito repellents are the most effective in preventing mosquito bites. They are especially good for kids, but make sure you buy the mosquito repellent with less concentration. Here are some of the best mosquito repellent for kids. Knowing what attracts mosquitoes can help us understand how to keep them away. We can avoid behavior, and locations that will normally draw mosquitoes out. It will also help us to know when to use mosquito killer or mosquito repellent.
Some mosquito traps, and bug zappers, will make use of attractant to draw mosquitoes to them. By knowing what attracts mosquitoes, we can overpower their senses. The result is that mosquitoes go towards the traps and stay away from us.
Human breath and perspirating skin will release carbon dioxide. So, the more you are heavily breathing and sweating the more likely you will attract mosquitoes. Mosquitoes have very sensitive receptors for carbon dioxide. Many traps will release carbon dioxide. Octenol is another by product of breathing, and it commonly used as a store bought mosquito attractant.
Mosquitoes also have sensitive receptors for detecting body heat. Blood circulating through warm blooded animals will radiate heat and attract mosquitoes. This lets them know a blood meal is nearby, and they will seek it out.
Breath and sweating skin from mammals will contain water vapor. Mosquitoes can sense this, along with heat and carbon dioxide, and will move towards it. Mosquitoes also like humid areas because they breed in moist locations.
When within 30 feet, mosquitoes are very sensitive to movement. They can detect movement by changes in light surrounding objects. The change in light would suggest that the object is moving.